Studying the soil and rock components of the ground are important prerequisites for building on that ground. The discipline that deals with the in-depth research and analysis of the soil and the rock components of a ground on which a building is to be constructed is called geotechnical engineering. As the name suggests, the line of work deals with the technical study of the land that is performed by specialised engineers. Geotechnical engineering has recently emerged as a viable line of work in which people are specialising these days. Previously, it was the domain of civil engineers. Now the survey of the land is left to structural engineering companies Melbourne while the civil engineers usually focus on the building part of the job.
Geotechnical engineers work by taking out samples of the soil from under the ground. The sample taken out include rock, debris and loom. Usually a cylindrical bore is performed that allows the engineers to reach astonishing depths. The accuracy of their analysis depends on the number of times they bore. It also depends on the depth of the bore. The deeper the better, the better the quality of the resulting analysis. The quality of the bore and the resulting analysis also depends on the type of boring equipment used. A manual boring machine might miss most of the particles and will most probably not provide an accurate depiction of the distribution of the particles throughout the soil at varying depths. It is usually recommended to perform at least five to six bores per every hundred square feet of land. Ideally that number should be as high as fifteen to twenty bores for the same area.
The report issued by geotechnical engineering consultants Melbourne details the contents of the soil. It determines the compactness of the ground and shows if it’s feasible for further operations. It also suggests changes that should be done before proceeding with the building operation. There have been cases where entire building projects have been abandoned or relocated because of the reports issued by geotechnical engineers. Since the report deals with the future and what might occur in it, there is an inherent margin of error. If there are doubts, an opinion from a second form of geotechnical engineers should be sought. This might be costly but will clear doubts regarding the feasibility of the building plans.
Another benefit of engaging a firm of geotechnical engineers is that they comment on the environmental effects of the proposed building project. This is important from both a moral and a legal point of view. There might be legislation that deals with the impact of building projects on the water level or the overall emissions. The reports issued by geotechnical engineers can potentially help to ensure compliance with such regulations.